Cannabis Strains For Pain
Medical cannabis is an increasingly popular alternative to traditional pain-relieving medications, including opioids. Cannabis may ease certain types of chronic pain, including pain resulting from nerve damage and inflammation. cannabis strains for pain
Most cannabis-based products do not have approval from the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and more evidence is necessary to confirm their safety and effectiveness.
However, anecdotal evidence suggests that cannabis or its compounds may help relieve some types of pain.
There are distinct types or strains of cannabis available, and each may have slightly different effects on the user.
In this article, we look at the best cannabis strains for pain relief. cannabis strain for pain
The different types of cannabis plants include the following:
- Cannabis indica
- Cannabis sativa
There is limited research available on the use of specific cannabis strains for pain and other symptoms. As a result, strain-specific recommendations are not medically proven.
The results of an online survey, comprising 95 participants, featured in the Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine in 2014.
The researchers found that participants preferred indica strains for pain management, sedation, and sleep while they would opt for sativa strains to improve energy and mood.
Regarding pain management, participants reported a statistically significant effect when using indica for: cannabis strains for pain
It is, however, important to note that this study had several limitations. It was small in scale, anonymous, and asked people to self-report on their symptoms. Respondents did not use the cannabis in a controlled setting, potentially resulting in differences in drug composition, dosage, and potency.
Another study examined the use of organically grown sativa and indica strains in the treatment of several medical conditions. Just over half of the participants were using cannabis to treat HIV. cannabis strain for pain
The study followed participants for 3 years and asked them about the effects of the drug on their condition during this time. The results indicated that indica strains are more likely to improve energy and appetite, while both sativa and indica strains can alleviate nausea to a similar degree. cannabis strains for pain
How does cannabis work for pain?
Cannabis contains compounds that may relieve pain, nausea, and other symptoms. The components of cannabis that most studies focus on for pain relief are cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). cannabis strains for pain
THC vs. CBD
THC resembles the cannabinoid chemicals that occur naturally in the body. When people ingest or inhale THC, it stimulatesTrusted Source the brain’s cannabinoid receptors.
This activates the brain’s reward system and reduces pain levels. THC is a psychoactive compound as it binds to cannabinoid receptors and produces an elevated state of mind, known as a high.
CBD does not cause a high, although it does interact with pain receptors in the brain to exert pain-relieving and anti-inflammatory effects. cannabis strain for pain
What the research says
In recent years, many studies have looked at the effects of cannabis for chronic pain. Some studies used parts of the cannabis plant and some have used the entire plant so more research is needed. Using parts of the cannabis plant (like CBD oil) helps study specific actions of that ingredient, but when the whole plant is used there is what is called an entourage effect, where the parts work together to have more effect.
A 2015 reviewTrusted Source of research on the use of cannabis and cannabinoids for various chronic pain conditions reports that several trials had positive results. The researchers suggest that cannabis or cannabinoids may be effective for treating some types of chronic pain including neuropathy (nerve pain).
A research paper from 2016 found that cannabis use for cancer pain led to a 64-percent reduction in opioid use, improved quality of life, and caused fewer medication side effects. It also led to participants using fewer medications.
Smaller studies have reported benefits for other types of chronic pain. For example: cannabis strains for pain
- Of about 17,000 people with cancer, 70 percent reportedly experienced an improvement in pain and general well-being after cannabis use.
- People with chronic migraines experiencedTrusted Source a decrease in migraine episodes after using the drug.
However, there is still a need for more research into the area of cannabis use for chronic pain, especially into the use of different strains, dosages, and methods of delivery.
An Australian studyTrusted Source, published in July 2018, concluded that cannabis use did not reduce the symptoms of pain or the need to use opioid medications. However, the findings were mostly based on reports from people who used the drug recreationally.
Using cannabis specifically for medicinal purposes might yield different results.
Synthetic and medicinal cannabis
Medical cannabis refers to the whole, unprocessed plant or its extracts.
Medical cannabis only has approval from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)Trusted Source as a safe or effective treatment for two conditions. These are rare and severe forms of epilepsy that involve seizures that other drugs have not been able to control.
The name of the drug is Epidiolex. It contains a purified form of CBD, and the FDA gave approval in June 2018.
The FDA have also approved medications containing synthetic THC cannabinoids called dronabinol (Marinol) and nabilone (Cesamet). These drugs reduce nausea in people undergoing cancer treatments and increase appetite in people living with HIV.
The FDA have not yet approved the use of any cannabis drugs for pain relief.
Synthetic cannabis is also the name given to drugs such as K2 or Spice. The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)Trusted Source point out that these are not cannabis, they are not safe, and they are not recommended for any purpose. The adverse effects of these drugs can be fatal.
Synthetic cannabis attempts to duplicate the effects of the ingredients in the plant. There is theory that the entire plant has a more profound effect with the different ingredients working together to have an entourage effect. cannabis strains for pain
Risks and side effects
Cannabis use can cause some side effects, including: cannabis strains for pain. cannabis strains for pain
- breathing problems
- addiction, which occurs in 9 percent of people who begin use in adulthood
- impaired reaction times
- interactions with medication
- loss of concentration
- memory issues
- mental health issues in those predisposed to them
- rapid heart rate
- withdrawal symptoms